Muslims – Self Destruct Mode = ON
Year: 2011 -| Conflict location: Bahrain | Sects: Sunnis and Shias ( underdogs)
Subsects / parties – Bahrain army ( supported by Saudia, UAE) and Rebels
Muslims dead: 100 (3000 detained/ missing and growing )
Cause: The Bahraini uprising was a series of demonstrations, amounting to a sustained campaign of civil resistance, in the Gulf country of Bahrain. As part of the revolutionary wave of protests in the Middle East, the Bahraini protests were initially aimed at achieving greater political freedom and equality for the majority Shia population and expanded to a call to end the monarchy of Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa. The protests were quelled by Bahraini police.
Year: 2011 – | Conflict location: Syria | Sects: Alawite( Shia) and Sunnis
Subsects / parties – Syrian army ( supported by Iran, Russia), Rebels ( supported by US, Saudia, Turkey and Al Qaeda).
Muslims dead: 120,000 and growing (130,000 missing, 2 Million displaced)
Cause: The Syrian civil war also called the Syrian uprising, is an on-going armed conflict in Syria between forces loyal to the Ba’ath government of ruling monarch Bashar Assad and those seeking to oust it. The conflict began on 15 March 2011, with popular demonstrations that grew nationwide by April 2011. On April 2011, the Syrian Army was deployed to quell the uprising, and soldiers fired on demonstrators across the country. After months of military sieges the protests evolved into an armed rebellion supported by Russia, Iran on Bashar’s side and other Arab states on the other with various elements playing behind the scenes. Later, militias arrived and turned this into a full blown sectarian conflict.
Hezbollah ( Shia) of Lebanon is siding with Syrian Government forces and Al Qaeda formations, quite ironically but unsurprisingly, with established backing of Saudi and US state machinery, are officially fighting alongside the syrian rebels as of Jun 2014.
Year: 2013 – | Location: Egypt | Sects: Sunni on both sides
Subsects / parties – Egypt army (supported by Saudia ) and Muslim brotherhood party ( underdogs)
Muslims dead: 2000 (over 3000 detained)
Cause: Hosni Mubarak remained Egyptian fourth president and military commender for 30 years. On 11 February 2011, Mubarak stepped down as president post people revolt ( called as ‘Arab Spring’) and turned power over to the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces (SCAF). On 24 May, Mubarak was ordered to stand trial on charges of premeditated murder of peaceful protestors and, if convicted, could have face the death penalty. Elections followed and on 24 June 2012, the State Election Commission announced that Mohammed Morsi had won the presidential election and was inaugurated as the 5th President of Egypt after his party won the run-off election winning 51.7 percent of the votes.
On 3 July 2013, after just a year in office, Mohammed Morsi was deposed by a coup d’état led by ministry of defense General Abdel Sisi after another round of mass street protests undertaken under the banner of newly formed party ‘Tamarod’ and backed by military. Those who demonstrated against this military coup, were brutally killed by security forces who used live ammunition to suppress demonstrations and snipers that fired on unarmed pro-govt ( Morsi) demonstrators.
Post Morsi’s removal, a lot of Arab monarchies lined up in giving aid to military backed new regime, Kuwait pledged US$4billion, Kingdon of saudia $12bn along with substantial amounts from UAE too. This amount was expected to be four times as much as the military and economic grants from the US and the EU combined given to Mubarak’ regime earlier. Saudi foreign minister vowed to compensate Egypt for any loss of EU or US money in case they decide to withhold further aids under any moral compulsions of supporting a regime that has come into existence post a military coup against democratically elected government.
Dr Maha Azzam, associate fellow of the Middle East and North Africa programme at Chatham House stated that “Saudi kingdom’s support for the coup comes due the fact that by winning elections, Mohammed Morsi of Muslim Brotherhood party, created a lethal concoction that highly undermined the kingdom’s own legitimacy. They (Saudia and it’s allies) knew full well they do not want democracy, but to have another group representing Islam, was intolerable.”
Meanwhile, Hosni Mubarak has been released from prison in August 2013 and transferred to a military hospital where he is being detained pending trial on separate corruption cases having been absolved of the charges of premeditated murder of peaceful protestors in 2011.
General Sisi has since become Egypt’s president. Tamarod, the democratic movement that helped Sisi overthrow Morsi alongside few Mufti’s of Al Azhar, are nowhere to be seen.
Research by: GuidedOnes
Coming up next: Quranic injunctions and prophet’s instructions that have been trampled under the feet.